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HOW DO WE TRAVEL INTO SPACE?


HOW DO WE TRAVEL INTO SPACE?
HOW DO WE TRAVEL INTO SPACE?

Manís first attempts at space flight. The Chinese invented gunpowder-propelled rockets. Jet rockets. Newtonís Third Law. Fuels. Speeds of rockets. Brief history of satellites. First manned space-flights. Launchings. Manís setting foot on the Moon. The first recoverable spaceship, or space "shuttle". Summary.


INTRODUCTION

- Rockets were invented in China in the 13th Century for military purposes

PROPULSION
- All rockets ascend thanks to the reaction principle
- Space rockets. Fuel and liquid oxygen.
- In order to escape the Earthís gravitational pull, a body needs a minimum speed of 40,000 kilometres per hour. Rockets. Different stages.

ORIGINS
- Konstantin Tsiokovsky had the idea of using liquid fuel for high-speed rockets.
- Goddard launched the first rocket using gasoline and liquid oxygen. Rockets V1 and V2.

HISTORY
- Sputnik 1: the first space satellite.
- Sputnik 2. A dog called Laika.
- Space ship Vostok 1, with Yuri Gagarin on board, the first human-being to be launched into space.
- Apolo XI. Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins.
- Landing on the Moonís surface the 20th July 1969
- Skylab: the first American space-station
- Soyuz and Apolo : scientific co-operation
- Construction of a retrievable space-shuttle

THE SPACE SHUTTLE
- Characteristics of the space-shuttle or ferry
- How do space-shuttles work and what is their mission?

SUMMARY

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