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DIDAVISION


PETROLEUM


PETROLEUM
PETROLEUM

Petroleum: the most widely-used fuel in XX centuryís industrialised society. Composition of petroleum and how itís formed. Extraction of crude-oil. Refining of petroleum. Products obtained from petroleum. Summary.


INTRODUCTION
- Petrol has been by far the most important fuel in our industrialised society for more than a century
- More than half of the total amount of energy that mankind produces comes from petroleum.
- Petrol for our cars, plastics, shoe-polish and other products.
- The oil reserves are not unlimited
- The pollution of the atmosphere

FORMATION AND COMPOSITION
- What is Petroleum? Its origin.
- Characteristics
- Traps - Oil fields

THE EXTRACTION OF CRUDE OIL
- Techniques for the detection of petroleum in deeper oil-fields
- Explosions under the earthís crust
- Variations in magnetic fields
- Rotary drills. The trepan.
- Drilling-platforms. Oleoducts or pipelines.

THE REFINING OF PETROLEUM
- Oil Refineries. Chemical laboratories. Where distillation and other, more-complex operations are carried out.
- The fractioning of organic compounds.
- Asphalt, fuel-oil, paraffin, lubricating oils, gas-oil, kerosene, petrol, gas for domestic use and many more.
- The lead-enriched fuels are extremely contaminating
- Many of the chemical fertilisers and materials from which our clothing are made derive directly from petroleum.
- Plastics

SUMMARY

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