MATHEMATICS AND CIVILIZATION I


MATHEMATICS AND CIVILIZATION I
Mathematics, the most universal human invention to ever exist, is humanity’s common language. The origins of mathematics. Using hieratic writing. “The Elements” written by Euclid. Al’Khowarizmi.

 The Ancient World
 Invention of numbers and Mathematics
 Origins of Mathematics go back to the Stone Age
 Counting methods
 Mesopotamia
 The Mesopotamians invented the first system of cuneiform writing.
 The Sumerians invented writing to count not to tell stories
 The main mathematical legacy they left for us today consists in the sexagesimal system based on the number 60
 Though we live completely immersed in the decimal system, we still use the sexagesimal system
 The Rhind Papyrus and the Moscow Papyrus have provided us with a great deal of information about Egyptians, creators of the decimal system
 Using hieratic writing
 The Greeks were great theoreticians
 Erathosthenes
 Aristarchus of Samos
 “The Elements” written by Euclid, is perhaps the geometry text book that has had most influence in history
 Archimedes and the constant Pi
 Positional numeration
 The Babylonians, the Chinese, the Mayans and the Indians and positional annotation
 The “zero”
 Al’Khowarizmi : the main Arab mathematician and the Algorithms
 Numbers are the real Esperanto of our world. It doesn’t matter where we are or the language we speak, all humans understand the numbers. 



